|Title||A correlational study of childhood religiosity, childhood sport participation, and sport-learned aggression among African American female athletes|
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively examine if there is a significant relationship among youth contact sport participation, childhood religiosity, and aggressive behaviors later in life. According to Akers’ social learning theory, behaviors are reinforced over time according to the intensity, duration, and frequency of social learning experiencesï¼› however, deviant and conforming behaviors are simultaneously learned and modified through the same cognitive and behavioral mechanisms. Furthermore, childhood religiosity, another social learning experience, may tip the scale on what behaviors are learned in contact sports. Because childhood aggression has been linked to adult criminality, and because crime prevention is an important social goal, it is important to know if children are learning aggression through school sponsored contact sport participation. Therefore, using a correlational survey design and Zoomerang, a Web-based research company, data were collected on a non-random and purposive sample. Subsequently, multiple regression analysis was employed to assess the relationships among the variables. The study’s findings indicated that childhood religiosity and sport participation did not simultaneously and uniquely predict total, physical, or verbal aggression. However, the study’s findings indicated that the same variables, along with family and social risk factors, did jointly predict total, physical, and verbal aggression.
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