|Title||Perceptions and attitudes toward violence against wives in West Java, Indonesia|
This study explored factors contributing to Indonesians perceptions and attitudes toward violence against wives. A total of 181 individuals 91 males and 90 females) living in rural and urban households in Kota Bandung Bandung City) and Kabupaten Bandung Bandung Regency), West Java Province, Indonesia that were listed in the 2009 National Social Economic Survey were randomly selected. Data were collected using face-to-face interviews with open-ended and closed-ended questions. The majority of Indonesians in this study were aware of the existence of violence against wives in society. Respondents tended to define violence against wives in physical terms. They inclined to justify a husband hitting his wife when she was perceived to deviate from traditional gender roles as a wife or mother. The findings indicated prevalent victim-blaming attitudes. The participants also tended to express ambivalent attitudes between protecting the victims and punishing the abusive husbands. In addition, Indonesians in this study reported preference for informal mechanisms in dealing with violence against wives. Feminist and socio-demographic perspectives that were used to generate hypotheses were partially supported. Attitudes toward gender roles, location of residence, and marital status were among the most common variables significantly associated with the definitions, contextual justification, and responses to violence against wives. Findings were discussed in the light of a socio-cultural context. The studys results posed some implications for social welfare practice, policy and research.
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